King's Discussion Paper Focuses on Active Citizenship Towards Democratization | Editor's Choice | Ammon News



King's Discussion Paper Focuses on Active Citizenship Towards Democratization


[12/31/2012 12:00:00 AM]

AMMAN — King Abdullah II revealed the first in a series of discussion papers in which he outlines his vision for the principles and values needed to help Jordan progress towards democratization under the constitutional monarchy system.

In his article, King Abdullah shares his vision on the kingdom's comprehensive reform process, and called on citizens to exercise their constitutional rights by electing competent representatives in parliament, also calling for full citizenry engagement among each other about issues of public and national interest.


Following is the full text of the paper:


“OUR JOURNEY TO FORGE OUR PATH TOWARDS DEMOCRACY”

By Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein

The Coming Campaign

National lists and candidates across the country have begun their election campaigns for the next Parliament, launching an intense, short election period, in which every day matters, and every citizen matters, because it is your active participation, as citizens, that will breathe life into our democracy.

Candidates are not running for the right to sit in Parliament in Amman and earn personal benefits. They are running to be given a responsibility and a privilege: the national duty of making key choices on some of the most important decisions facing our country, decisions that will impact the future of every Jordanian.

My goal and responsibility within this national course is to encourage debate about our progress as a nation in democratic development. This paper* is part of efforts towards that goal. Today, and in a series of other discussion papers in the next few months, I seek to stimulate debate among citizens about the most important issues we face as a country. A few weeks ago, in an interview with Al-Rai and The Jordan Times newspapers, I outlined in detail my vision for Jordan’s democratic future and the roadmap to get there. Today, I dedicate this paper to share my vision for the principles and values needed to help us progress in our democratisation journey, under our constitutional monarchy.

Now is the time for us to move actively towards key, practical milestones in that journey towards democracy. This election is one of those critical steps and a station on the political reform roadmap. As candidates come to your neighbourhoods over the next several weeks, they will be seeking to win your trust and your vote. But what they need to realize is that they must maintain your trust and honour your vote over the years to come. You have the right and the responsibility, and more importantly a national duty, to engage them in discussion on key issues related to the economy, the country’s reform course and your vision for the future of our beloved Jordan.

It is equally important that you not only engage the candidates, but engage each other, as citizens, on all issues of priority without restrictions – at home, in coffee shops and community halls, in all gatherings and venues. To make democracy work, it is critical that we debate, discuss, and vote on the basis of the positions put forward by the candidates on key issues facing our country, and not on the basis of personalities or affinities related to geography or family.

As groups of citizens – whether in the form of political parties or community groups – we need to embrace political life as a fair and noble competition to generate the best ideas and solutions. No individual or group will get everything it wants. We must strike compromises in order to make the best possible choices in the interest of all Jordanians. The true and decisive test for our nation and our democratisation journey is our ability to triumph together as one family in the face of the challenges that come before us.

Many times – in Jordan as around the world – disagreement, whether personal or political, expresses itself ineffectively in political intransigence, violence, or boycotts, which do not necessarily deliver desired goals. When this happens, it represents a temporary breakdown in democratic practices. This deprives our society of the chance to achieve compromise and consensus, resulting in a setback from which everyone then needs to recover. Democratic practice requires constructive engagement and acceptance of a diversity of opinion.

Creating the right combination of tolerant debate, respectful competition, and informed choice-making is the key foundation of a democratic system, and is essential to moving our country forward into a brighter future all Jordanians deserve.

Our vision for the type of system we are seeking to build is clear, as is the path we need to take. But the journey will be long, there are no shortcuts, and it will not be easy because it requires changing some of our most fundamental practices, chief among them are the way we disagree with each other in the public sphere, and the way we make decisions on the national level.

The ideas outlined above require discussing a set of principles that are essential to developing the right practices for democracy. What we all need to develop, starting with the launch of this new election campaign, are the practices of good citizenship that are the foundations for a vibrant and effective democracy, and to work sincerely to guarantee that these practices become our modus vivendi.

I believe that there are four practices we must each embrace as citizens to help build our democratic system. While we should start adopting these practices as of this election campaign, that is only the beginning. We will continue to practice and develop these principles in our daily lives over the years to come, because these practices are the sine qua nons for democracy.

I. RESPECT FOR ALL FELLOW CITIZENS IS THE ESSENSE OF OUR UNITY:

We need to acknowledge that as Jordanians we are all fellow travellers in the journey ahead, regardless of family, neighbourhood, gender or religious belief. We should engrave in our minds the unshakable fact that our unity and faith in this country transcends all differences. We must expand our circle of trust and respect, and build an inseparable bond between us to treat all fellow Jordanians with civility and dignity, irrespective of whether we know them well or not and whether we like them or not.

Respect in the public sphere means that we focus on issues, not personalities, and listen as intently as we talk. We all need to realize that understanding the opinion of others is the most crucial act of respect. There is no such thing as ‘free speech’ unless we listen. This is how we leave behind ‘Us versus Them’ ways of thinking, for at the end of the day we are all Jordanians and we are all for Jordan.

II. CITIZENSHIP AND ACCOUNTABILITY GO HAND IN HAND:

I call on all fellow citizens to actively engage in important decisions and problem-solving activities of our society, such as reducing poverty and unemployment, continuously enhancing healthcare and education, improving public transport, overcoming the increasing cost of living, and fighting corruption and any waste of public funds.

This starts now, by making our voices heard in the election campaigns and by voting on election day. But democracy is much more than voting, and does not end with casting our ballots. It is an on-going process; it is about holding our elected officials to their commitments and remaining continuously engaged in the discussions and debates on the issues facing our families, our communities and our nation. This is why candidates must propose practical, objective and fact-based programs that provide implementable solutions to our challenges, rather than just theoretical slogans and over-diagnosis of our problems.

As citizens, I call on you to uphold practices that will keep our society engaged and vibrant. Engaged citizens follow the news in newspapers, online, and on radio and TV. They write letters to the editors of their newspapers or to their Members of Parliament. They join community groups to organize community action about local issues and problems such as playgrounds, traffic safety, rubbish collection, water and sewage networks, and maintenance of roads and infrastructure.

III. HARNESSING DISAGREEMENT INTO COMPROMISE WHILE MAINTAINING CONTSTANT DIALOGUE:

It is important to combine the communication of our own opinions to others with a commitment to disagreeing respectfully with others, as we seek compromise solutions. The diversity of opinion, belief, and culture that exists in Jordan is our fundamental strength, not weakness.

Disagreement is not a sign of trouble or disloyalty. Respectful disagreement is the basis for dialogue, and dialogue over diverse ideas is the essence of democracy, and democracy is what makes compromise and agreement possible and will enable our nation to move forward.

Compromise means give and take, it means we do not get everything we want, nor does anyone else. The ability to compromise is a virtue. It is not a sign of personal weakness or humiliation. The best and most virtuous citizens among us are those who are willing to accept personal sacrifice in the interest of the nation as a whole, and this is why those who put their country first will remain forever engraved in our hearts and minds.

It is equally important that we commit to one another to resolving differences of opinion through debate and dialogue, long before engaging in protest or withdrawing from the discussion and taking to the streets.

While strikes and protests are constitutionally protected inalienable rights, they are extreme measures that should be tools of last, not first, resort. And let’s all remember that once the boycott or strike is over, we will still have to work together to reach agreement and proceed hand in hand to forge our shared destiny.

Democracy means unequivocally rejecting violence or threats of violence, including intimidation and destruction of property. These are not acceptable forms of expression. They are not negotiation tactics. Violence is out of bounds.

IV. SHARED GAINS AND SACRIFICES:

We have to be patient in our understanding that democracy means that there are no permanent winners or losers and no permanent answers. We have to constantly adapt to changing circumstances. Throughout its history, our nation has demonstrated an ability to be agile, accommodate change and adapt as our circumstances require. We all gain from continuing to engage with one another, and continuously striving to move our country further along our development path, armed with the firm belief that we are all partners, both in gains and sacrifices.

What I have proposed so far are necessary practices that are crucial for a country seeking democratisation, but it also begs the question: How will we measure progress?

As electoral campaigns go on, and through each year of our continuing democratic development after the election, we will know we are on the right path, because we will see ourselves getting better and better at these practices:

• A shared sense of dignity and pride in what we are doing together as a nation;
• A sense of achievement in overcoming the challenges and hurdles we confront together, through shared commitment and shared sacrifice, on our path to prosperity and greater security through a stronger democracy;
• Active engagement in shaping the future of Jordan through voting in elections – a commitment to democracy as a national paradigm and a way of life;
• Fruitful and respectful debates and discussions taking place in person and online;
• Civility between citizens characterized by a strong volunteering culture and growing generosity and trust to, and from, people we do not personally know.

It is well evident for all that we have embarked on a new and exciting chapter in our nation’s development at a time of historic challenges. Moreover, we are passing through a decisive juncture, full of challenges and opportunities, and I remain a firm believer in the ability of Jordanians to overcome challenges and seize opportunities. I look forward to hearing the views and positions of all candidates running in this election. The responsibility assumed by those elected to the new Parliament on behalf of all citizens is enormous.

By exercising the practices of good democratic citizenship outlined above, Jordanians are all encouraged to seize the rights granted to them under the Constitution to fully exercise their responsibility to elect a competent new Parliament in the best interest of the nation’s future and take part in expressing the will of the people, for they have earned their rightful status as true partners in decision making. Now is the time we must each take responsibility for creating the future we want for all Jordanians by making democracy a way of life.

*This article represents the first in a series of discussion papers His Majesty King Abdullah II will be publishing to share his vision on the Kingdom’s comprehensive reform process. These discussion papers will be available on His Majesty’s official website: www.kingabdullah.jo







  • 1 The Ivory Tower Versus Reality! 12/30/2012 7:38:49 PM

    Unlike the rest of the Arab countries, Jordan is fortunate to have an enlightened leader, his majesty King Abdullah. Like a distinguished professor who outlines his course syllabus at the beginning of the semester, his majesty is the first Arab leader to outline in details his vision on "active citizenship towards democratization." But unlike the professor who often focuses on theory and "lives" in his own ivory tower (detached from realities), the king is stating that his "goal and responsibility...is to encourage debate about our progress as a nation in democratic development." His majesty is becoming an active participant in the democratization process and that is great for Jordan. In other words, the king is leading Jordan's "democratization journey" towards real and effective "constitutional monarchy" by example. That journey is likely to take time, but the upcoming parliamentary elections is the first step in that direction. To succeed, the debate about the importance of the elections, and the king's views about the active citizenship, must transcend the "elite/yes-seedi class" and reach the average ordinary citizen. His majesty advises Jordanians that, "as candidates come to your neighbourhoods over the next several weeks, they will be seeking to win your trust and your vote."! "Poor", yet perhaps best qualified, candidates do visit the neighborhoods, but few listen to them! They have no money to offer! Past election experiences show that the "rich" candidates, or their surrogates, are the ones who attract voters. But the "confidential debate" between the candidate with the money and the voters is likely to be about the "price/cost" of the vote and not about the candidates' "program".! Candidates buying votes are often end up as the "winners"! It is a well known fact, your majesty, that corruption is widespread, from top to bottom. How to "cure" that ill? Leading by example, severe punishments for violators and getting the professor out of his ivory tower, help in the process of "recovering/healing", and I believe that is doable. What makes people like me hopeful and optimistic about the future of democracy in Jordan is your majesty's determination and enlightened vision for Jordan and the many Jordanians who believe in that vision.

  • 2 The Ivory Tower Versus Reality! 12/30/2012 7:39:15 PM

    Unlike the rest of the Arab countries, Jordan is fortunate to have an enlightened leader, his majesty King Abdullah. Like a distinguished professor who outlines his course syllabus at the beginning of the semester, his majesty is the first Arab leader to outline in details his vision on "active citizenship towards democratization." But unlike the professor who often focuses on theory and "lives" in his own ivory tower (detached from realities), the king is stating that his "goal and responsibility...is to encourage debate about our progress as a nation in democratic development." His majesty is becoming an active participant in the democratization process and that is great for Jordan. In other words, the king is leading Jordan's "democratization journey" towards real and effective "constitutional monarchy" by example. That journey is likely to take time, but the upcoming parliamentary elections is the first step in that direction. To succeed, the debate about the importance of the elections, and the king's views about the active citizenship, must transcend the "elite/yes-seedi class" and reach the average ordinary citizen. His majesty advises Jordanians that, "as candidates come to your neighbourhoods over the next several weeks, they will be seeking to win your trust and your vote."! "Poor", yet perhaps best qualified, candidates do visit the neighborhoods, but few listen to them! They have no money to offer! Past election experiences show that the "rich" candidates, or their surrogates, are the ones who attract voters. But the "confidential debate" between the candidate with the money and the voters is likely to be about the "price/cost" of the vote and not about the candidates' "program".! Candidates buying votes are often end up as the "winners"! It is a well known fact, your majesty, that corruption is widespread, from top to bottom. How to "cure" that ill? Leading by example, severe punishments for violators and getting the professor out of his ivory tower, help in the process of "recovering/healing", and I believe that is doable. What makes people like me hopeful and optimistic about the future of democracy in Jordan is your majesty's determination and enlightened vision for Jordan and the many Jordanians who believe in that vision.

  • 3 Editor:Show Comments! 12/31/2012 4:14:41 PM

    My previous "unshown" comment was in response to his majesty's call on citizens to debate his vision for democracy in Jordan . He wrote in his paper: "My goal and responsibility within this national course is to encourage debate..."

  • 4 Hammoodeh! 1/3/2013 5:34:00 PM

    His majesty is right about the importance of active citizenship in the democratization process. The secret for success, however, is LEADING BY EXAMPLE! I googled the definition of "leading by example". I liked the following idealistic meaning: "Leadership is the process by which one individual influences the behaviors, attitudes and thoughts of others. Leaders set the direction by helping others see what lies ahead and rising to the challenges. They see everyone’s potential and encourage and inspire those around them. Leading by example is a trait of a true leader. A group of individuals with poor leadership will quickly degenerate into conflict, because everyone sees things differently and will naturally lean toward different solutions." The truth of the matter is that there is no such leadership in the whole Arab world! Except the countries where few dictators were toppled, absolute power, which corrupts absolutely, remains as the norm in much of the Arab world. No wonder that the Arab world is going through upheavals from the Atlantic to the Indian Oceans!

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